Wto Agriculture Agreement Annex 1

96 European Commission, COM (2011) 627, preamble (37) and art. 5. To secure another political agreement on these reforms, the European Commission, MEMO/13/621, “CAP Reform – A Statement of the Main Elements,” Brussels, 26 June 2013. 109 A political agreement on this issue is reached within the European Commission, MEMO/13/621 (n 96); For the old proposed regulation, see European Commission, COM (2011) 625, Art 29-33. It is significant that this “greening” is considered “beyond conditionality”: ibid., explanatory statement, 7-8. The agricultural negotiations under the Uruguay Round were not easy, as the broad scope of the negotiations and their political sensitivity inevitably took a long time to reach agreement on the new rules and it took a great deal of technical work to create solid means to formalize commitments in policy areas beyond the scope of previous GATT practice. The agreement on agriculture and the agreement on the application of health and plant health measures were negotiated in parallel and a decision on the possible negative impacts of the reform programme on the least developed developing countries and net food-importing developing countries was also part of the overall outcome. In principle, agriculture is subject to all WTO agreements and agreements on trade in goods, including the 1994 GATT agreements and WTO agreements on issues such as tariff assessment, import authorisation procedures, due diligence, emergency measures, subsidies and technical barriers to trade. However, in the event of a conflict between these agreements and the agricultural agreement, the provisions of the agreement on agriculture apply. WTO agreements on trade in services and trade aspects of intellectual property rights also apply to agriculture. 43 On the other hand, it should be noted that for FAO purposes, “agriculture” covers both fishing and forestry: see in general Young, MA, “Fragmentation or interaction: The WTO, Fisheries Subsidies, and International Law” (2009) 8 World Trade Review 477CrosRefGogleo ScholarPubMed. Before the Uruguay Round negotiations, it became increasingly clear that the causes of confusion in global agriculture went beyond the import access problems, which had been the traditional centre of gravity of the GATT negotiations.

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.